Transcranial brain stimulation: closing the loop between brain and stimulation.




Curated By TMS Solutions on Jan 1, 2017 8:13:00 PM
Curated By TMS Solutions
Title:
Transcranial brain stimulation: closing the loop between brain and
stimulation. 
Authors:
Karabanov A; Thielscher A; Siebner HR. Institution Karabanov, Anke. aDanish Research Centre for Magnetic Resonance, Centre for Functional and Diagnostic Imaging and Research, Copenhagen UniversitHospital Hvidovre, Hvidovre bDepartment of Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Kgs. Lyngby cDepartment of Neurology, Copenhagen University Hospital Bispebjerg, Copenhagen, Denmark.
 
Title:
Transcranial brain stimulation: closing the loop between brain and
stimulation. 
 
Source:
Current Opinion in Neurology. 29(4):397-404, 2016 Aug.
 
Abstract:
 
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss recent strategies for boosting the efficacy of noninvasive transcranial brain stimulation to improve human brain function.
 
RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research exposed substantial intra- and inter-individual variability in response to plasticity-inducing transcranial brain stimulation. Trait-related and state-related
determinants contribute to this variability, challenging the standard approach to apply stimulation in a rigid, one-size-fits-all fashion. Several strategies have been identified to reduce variability and maximize the plasticity-inducing effects of noninvasive transcranial brain stimulation. Priming interventions or paired associative stimulation can be used to 'standardize' the brain-state and hereby, homogenize the group response to stimulation. Neuroanatomical and neurochemical profiling based on magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy can capture trait-related
and state-related variability. Fluctuations in brain-states can be traced online with functional brain imaging and inform the timing or other settings of transcranial brain stimulation. State-informed open-loop stimulation is aligned to the expression of a predefined brain state, according to prespecified rules. In contrast, adaptive closed-loop stimulation dynamically adjusts stimulation settings based on the occurrence of stimulation-induced state changes.
 
SUMMARY: Approaches that take into account trait-related and state-related determinants of stimulation-induced plasticity bear considerable potential to establish noninvasive transcranial brain
stimulation as interventional therapeutic tool.
 
Publication Type:
Journal Article. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't. Review.

Topic of this Article:

Topics: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation


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