Solute | TMS Resource Portal

Welcome to TMS Solutions' resource portal, Solute, where you will find the latest informative articles about mental health, neuromodulation techniques, and TMS.

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Sep 26, 2022 1:39:00 PM

Different Modalities of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation to Manage Schizophrenia

SOURCE: The Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders. 24(4), 2022 Aug 25.

AUTHORS: Soltani E; Bateni H; Shad MU

OBJECTIVE: To analyze all current literature related to different transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) modalities in the management of schizophrenia symptoms and compare the main controversies in the outcome measures.

DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive search in Ovid MEDLINE, APA PsycINFO, and PubMed was conducted (1996 to present) to identify all articles using the search terms schizophrenia and single pulse TMS, schizophrenia and paired pulse TMS, schizophrenia and repetitive TMS, schizophrenia and deep TMS, and schizophrenia and TBS.

DATA SELECTION: Search results were limited to the English language and human subjects. Unrelated articles were excluded after the initial review. Nineteen studies fulfilled the eligibility criteria. These studies included 531 schizophrenia patients and 283 healthy controls.

RESULTS: While some adverse effects of TMS are reported, the process is generally considered safe. However, discrepancies exist regarding the length of the cortical silent period. The cortical silent period is thought to be mediated by gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors and is
considered a useful probe to assess motor cortical inhibition. It is generally believed that patients with schizophrenia present changes in the cortical silent period due to GABA abnormalities. A few physiologic studies utilized TMS to study motor cortical excitability in schizophrenia and reported longer, and some shorter, cortical silent periods compared with healthy controls. Also, some studies reported a shorter cortical silent period for unmedicated versus medicated patients, while others
reported no differences.

CONCLUSION: TMS treatment is commonly reported to improve auditory hallucination in schizophrenia. Advantage of use of deep TMS over repetitive TMS, however, is controversial.

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Aug 7, 2022 3:09:00 PM

Mapping Inter-Individual Functional Connectivity Variability in TMS Targets for Major Depressive Disorder

SOURCE: Frontiers in Psychiatry. 13 (no pagination), 2022. Article Number: 902089.

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Apr 19, 2022 1:20:00 PM

'My Dad was Like "It's Your Brain, What Are You Doing?"': Participant Experiences of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment in Severe Enduring Anorexia Nervosa

SOURCE: European Eating Disorders Review. 30(3):237-249, 2022 May.

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Jul 9, 2021 1:04:00 PM

Single-Pulse TMS Over the Parietal Cortex Does Not Impair Sensorimotor Perturbation-Induced Changes in Motor Commands

SOURCE: Eneuro. 7(2), 2020 Mar/Apr.

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Mar 1, 2021 10:40:00 AM

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Treatment in Severe, Enduring Anorexia Nervosa: An Open Longer-Term Follow-Up

SOURCE: European Eating Disorders Review. 28(6):773-781, 2020 11.

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