SOURCE: American Journal of Psychiatry. 179(7):500-508, 2022 Jul.Read More
Welcome to TMS Solutions' resource portal, Solute, where you will find the latest informative articles about mental health, neuromodulation techniques, and TMS.
SOURCE: American Journal of Psychiatry. 179(7):451-453, 2022 Jul.Read More
SOURCE: Neuromodulation. 25(4):511-519, 2022 Jun.Read More
Source: Clinical Neurophysiology. 132(10):2519-2531, 2021 10.
Authors: Leodori G; Fabbrini A; De Bartolo MI; Costanzo M; Asci F; Palma V; Belvisi
D; Conte A; Berardelli A
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) variability depends on the ability to engage specific neurons in the primary motor cortex (M1).
METHODS: In a sham-controlled interventional study on 31 healthy volunteers, we used concomitant transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and electroencephalography (EEG). We compared baseline motor evoked potentials (MEPs), M1 iTBS-evoked EEG oscillations, and resting-state EEG (rsEEG) between subjects who did and did not show MEP facilitation following iTBS. We also investigated whether baseline MEP and iTBS-evoked EEG oscillations could explain inter and intraindividual variability in iTBS aftereffects.
RESULTS: The facilitation group had smaller baseline MEPs than the no-facilitation group and showed more iTBS-evoked EEG oscillation synchronization in the alpha and beta frequency bands. Resting-state EEG power was similar between groups and iTBS had a similar non-significant effect on rsEEG in both groups. Baseline MEP amplitude and beta iTBS-evoked EEG oscillation power explained both inter and intraindividual variability in MEP modulation following iTBS.
CONCLUSIONS: The results show that variability in iTBS-associated plasticity depends on baseline corticospinal excitability and on the ability of iTBS to engage M1 beta oscillations.
SIGNIFICANCE: These observations can be used to optimize iTBS investigational and therapeutic applications.
Source: Clinical Neurophysiology. 132(11):2827-2839, 2021 11.
Authors: Cash RFH; Udupa K; Gunraj CA; Mazzella F; Daskalakis ZJ; Wong AHC; Kennedy JL; Chen R
OBJECTIVE: While previous studies showed that the single nucleotide polymorphism (Val66Met) of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) can impact neuroplasticity, the influence of BDNF genotype on cortical circuitry and relationship to neuroplasticity remain relatively unexplored in human.
METHODS: Using individualised transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) parameters, we explored the influence of the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism on
excitatory and inhibitory neural circuitry, its relation to I-wave TMS (ITMS) plasticity and effect on the excitatory/inhibitory (E/I) balance in 18 healthy individuals.
RESULTS: Excitatory and inhibitory indexes of neurotransmission were reduced in Met allele carriers. An E/I balance was evident, which was influenced by BDNF with higher E/I ratios in Val/Val homozygotes. Both long-term potentiation (LTP-) and depression (LTD-) like ITMS plasticity were greater in Val/Val homozygotes. LTP- but not LTD-like effects were restored in Met allele carriers by increasing stimulus intensity to compensate for reduced excitatory transmission.
CONCLUSIONS: The influence of BDNF genotype may extend beyond neuroplasticity to neurotransmission. The E/I balance was evident in human motor cortex, modulated by BDNF and measurable using TMS. Given the limited sample, these preliminary findings warrant further investigation.
SIGNIFICANCE: These novel findings suggest a broader role of BDNF genotype on neurocircuitry in human motor cortex.