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Solute | TMS Resource Portal

Welcome to TMS Solutions' resource portal, Solute, where you will find the latest informative articles about mental health, neuromodulation techniques, and TMS.

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Jul 18, 2022 12:25:00 PM

Predictive Value of Acute Neuroplastic Response to rTMS in Treatment Outcome in Depression: A Concurrent TMS-fMRI Trial

SOURCE: American Journal of Psychiatry. 179(7):500-508, 2022 Jul.

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Jul 15, 2022 1:51:00 PM

Is Neuroplasticity Key to Treatment Response in Depression? Maybe So

SOURCE: American Journal of Psychiatry. 179(7):451-453, 2022 Jul.

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Jun 30, 2022 3:46:00 PM

Inducing Cortical Plasticity to Manipulate and Consolidate Subjective Time Interval Production

SOURCE: Neuromodulation. 25(4):511-519, 2022 Jun.

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Dec 31, 2021 11:10:00 AM

Cortical Mechanisms Underlying Variability in Intermittent Theta-burst Stimulation-Induced Plasticity: A TMS-EEG Study

Source: Clinical Neurophysiology. 132(10):2519-2531, 2021 10.

Authors: Leodori G; Fabbrini A; De Bartolo MI; Costanzo M; Asci F; Palma V; Belvisi
D; Conte A; Berardelli A

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS) variability depends on the ability to engage specific neurons in the primary motor cortex (M1).

METHODS: In a sham-controlled interventional study on 31 healthy volunteers, we used concomitant transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and electroencephalography (EEG). We compared baseline motor evoked potentials (MEPs), M1 iTBS-evoked EEG oscillations, and resting-state EEG (rsEEG) between subjects who did and did not show MEP facilitation following iTBS. We also investigated whether baseline MEP and iTBS-evoked EEG oscillations could explain inter and intraindividual variability in iTBS aftereffects.

RESULTS: The facilitation group had smaller baseline MEPs than the no-facilitation group and showed more iTBS-evoked EEG oscillation synchronization in the alpha and beta frequency bands. Resting-state EEG power was similar between groups and iTBS had a similar non-significant effect on rsEEG in both groups. Baseline MEP amplitude and beta iTBS-evoked EEG oscillation power explained both inter and intraindividual variability in MEP modulation following iTBS.

CONCLUSIONS: The results show that variability in iTBS-associated plasticity depends on baseline corticospinal excitability and on the ability of iTBS to engage M1 beta oscillations.

SIGNIFICANCE: These observations can be used to optimize iTBS investigational and therapeutic applications.

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Dec 30, 2021 11:06:00 AM

Influence of BDNF Val66Met Polymorphism on Excitatory-Inhibitory Balance and Plasticity in Human Motor Cortex

Source: Clinical Neurophysiology. 132(11):2827-2839, 2021 11.

Authors: Cash RFH; Udupa K; Gunraj CA; Mazzella F; Daskalakis ZJ; Wong AHC; Kennedy JL; Chen R

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: While previous studies showed that the single nucleotide polymorphism (Val66Met) of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) can impact neuroplasticity, the influence of BDNF genotype on cortical circuitry and relationship to neuroplasticity remain relatively unexplored in human.

METHODS: Using individualised transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) parameters, we explored the influence of the BDNF Val66Met polymorphism on
excitatory and inhibitory neural circuitry, its relation to I-wave TMS (ITMS) plasticity and effect on the excitatory/inhibitory (E/I) balance in 18 healthy individuals.

RESULTS: Excitatory and inhibitory indexes of neurotransmission were reduced in Met allele carriers. An E/I balance was evident, which was influenced by BDNF with higher E/I ratios in Val/Val homozygotes. Both long-term potentiation (LTP-) and depression (LTD-) like ITMS plasticity were greater in Val/Val homozygotes. LTP- but not LTD-like effects were restored in Met allele carriers by increasing stimulus intensity to compensate for reduced excitatory transmission.

CONCLUSIONS: The influence of BDNF genotype may extend beyond neuroplasticity to neurotransmission. The E/I balance was evident in human motor cortex, modulated by BDNF and measurable using TMS. Given the limited sample, these preliminary findings warrant further investigation.

SIGNIFICANCE: These novel findings suggest a broader role of BDNF genotype on neurocircuitry in human motor cortex.

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