The Effect of Speech Distortion on the Excitability of Articulatory Motor Cortex




Curated By TMS Solutions on Jan 5, 2017 5:23:00 PM
Curated By TMS Solutions

TITLE
The Effect of Speech Distortion on the Excitability of Articulatory Motor Cortex

AUTHORS
Nuttall HE; Kennedy-Higgins D; Hogan J; Devlin JT; Adank P. Institution Nuttall, Helen E. Department of Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences, University College London, Chandler House, 2 Wakefield Street, London , UK, WC1N 1PF.

ELECTRONIC ADDRESS
h.nuttall@ucl.ac.uk. Kennedy-Higgins, Daniel. Department of Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences, University College London, Chandler House, 2 Wakefield Street, London, UK, WC1N 1PF. Hogan, John. Department of Experimental Psychology, University College London, 26 Bedford Way, London, UK, WC1H 0AP. Devlin, Joseph T. Department of Experimental Psychology, University College London, 26 Bedford Way, London, UK, WC1H 0AP. Adank, Patti. Department of Speech, Hearing and Phonetic Sciences, University College London, Chandler House, 2 Wakefield Street, London , UK, WC1N 1PF.

SOURCE
Neuroimage. 128:218-26, 2016 Mar.

ABSTRACT
It has become increasingly evident that human motor circuits are active during speech perception. However, the conditions under which the motor system modulates speech perception are not clear. Two prominent accounts make distinct predictions for how listening to speech engages speech motor representations. The first account suggests that the motor system is most strongly activated when observing familiar actions (Pickering and Garrod, 2013). Conversely, Wilson and Knoblich's account asserts that motor excitability is greatest when observing less familiar, ambiguous actions (Wilson and Knoblich, 2005). We investigated these predictions using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Stimulation of the lip and hand representations in the left primary motor cortex elicited motor evoked potentials (MEPs) indexing the excitability of the underlying motor representation. MEPs for lip, but not for hand, were larger during perception of distorted speech produced using a tongue depressor, relative to naturally produced speech. Additional somatotopic facilitation yielded significantly larger MEPs during perception of lip-articulated distorted speech sounds relative to distorted tongue-articulated sounds. Critically , there was a positive correlation between MEP size and the perception of distorted speech sounds. These findings were consistent with predictions made by Wilson & Knoblich (Wilson and Knoblich, 2005), and provide direct evidence of increased motor excitability when speech perception is difficult.

Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Publication Type Journal Article.
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't.

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Topics: Speech Distortion


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