Shifts in connectivity during procedural learning after motor cortex stimulation: A combined transcranial magnetic stimulation/functional magnetic resonance imaging study.




Curated By TMS Solutions on Jan 27, 2017 10:31:00 AM
Curated By TMS Solutions
Title:
Shifts in connectivity during procedural learning after motor cortex stimulation: A combined transcranial magnetic stimulation/functional magnetic resonance imaging study.
Authors:
Steel A; Song S; Bageac D; Knutson KM; Keisler A; Saad ZS; Gotts SJ; Wassermann EM; Wilkinson L. Institution Steel, Adam. Behavioral Neurology Unit, National Institute of Neurological
Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Dr., Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: adam.steel@nih.gov. Song, Sunbin. Human Cortical Physiology Section, National Inst
itute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Dr., Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: songss@mail.nih.govBageac, Devin. Behavioral Neurology Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Dr., Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: devin.bageac@nih.govKnutson, Kristine M. Behavioral Neurology Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Dr., Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: knutsonk@ninds.nih.govKeisler, Aysha. Behavioral Neurology Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Dr., Bethesda, MD, USA.
 
Electronic Address: ayshakeisler@gmail.comSaad, Ziad S. Scientific and Statistical Computing Core, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Dr., Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: saadz@mail.nih.govGotts, Stephen J. Laboratory of Brain and Cognition, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Dr., Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: gottss@mail.nih.govWassermann, Eric M. Behavioral Neurology Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Dr., Bethesda, MD, USA.
Electronic Address: wassermanne@ninds.nih.govWilkinson, Leonora. Behavioral Neurology Unit, National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Dr., Bethesda, MD, USA. Electronic address: Leonora.Wilkinson@nih.gov.
 
Title:
Shifts in connectivity during procedural learning after motor cortex stimulation: A combined transcranial magnetic stimulation/functional magnetic resonance imaging study.
 
Source:
Cortex. 74:134-48, 2016 Jan.
 
Abstract:
Inhibitory transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), of which continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) is a common form, has been used to inhibit cortical areas during investigations of their function. cTBS applied to the primary motor area (M1) depresses motor output excitability via a local effect and impairs procedural motor learning. This could be due to an effect on M1 itself and/or to changes in its connectivity with other nodes in the learning network. To investigate this issue, we used  functional magnetic resonance imaging to measure changes in brain activation and connectivity during implicit procedural learning after real and sham cTBS of M1. Compared to sham, real cTBS impaired motor sequence learning, but caused no local or distant changes in brain activationRather, it reduced functional connectivity between motor (M1, dorsal premotor & supplementary motor areas) and visual (superior & inferior occipital gyri) areas. It also increased connectivity between frontal associative (superior & inferior frontal gyri), cingulate (dorsal & middle cingulate), and temporal areas. This potentially compensatory shift in coupling, from a motor-based learning network to an associative learning network accounts for the behavioral effects of cTBS of M1.
 
The findings suggest that the inhibitory TMS affects behavior via relatively subtle and distributed effects on connectivity within networks, rather than by takinthe stimulated area "offline".
 
Copyright:
Published by Elsevier Ltd.
 
Publication Type:
Journal Article. Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural. Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural.

Topic of this Article:

Topics: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation


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