Role of Beta Endorphin in Pain Relief Following High Rate Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Migraine




Curated By TMS Solutions on Dec 11, 2017 1:01:00 AM
Curated By TMS Solutions

TITLE
Role of Beta Endorphin in Pain Relief Following High Rate Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in Migraine

AUTHORS
Misra UK; Kalita J; Tripathi G; Bhoi SK. Institution Misra, Usha Kant. Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India. Kalita, Jayantee. Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.  Tripathi, Gyanesh. Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India. Bhoi, Sanjeev Kumar. Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India.

ELECTRONIC ADDRESS
jayanteek@yahoo.com

SOURCE
Brain Stimulation. 10(3):618-623, 2017 May - Jun.

BACKGROUND
In migraine, high rate repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been reported to be effective, and beta endorphin (BE) may have a role in headache relief.

OBJECTIVE
To report the role of BE and its mu (MOR) and delta opioid receptors (DOR) in headache relief following high rate rTMS in migraine.

METHODS
Ninety-three migraine patients having more than 4 attacks per month were included. 10 Hz rTMS (600 pulses in 10 trains) was delivered to left motor cortex; 3 sessions to 24 (group 1), 1 session to 22 (group II) and sham stimulation to 47 patients (group III). Plasma BE, and MOR and DOR RNA expressions were measured before and third session of rTMS. The improvement in headache frequency and severity was assessed at 1month.

RESULTS
Plasma BE level was lower in the migraine patients compared to controls (P = 0.01). Post-stimulation BE level was higher in group I compared to group III (P = 0.02). The responders had higher BE level than non-responders (P = 0.004). Post-stimulation BE level above 4 ng/ml was associated with improvement in headache frequency in 43 (81.1%) patients, whereas only 23 (57.5%) improved if BE was below 4 ng/ml (P = 0.02) irrespective of type of rTMS.

CONCLUSION
10 Hz rTMS relieves headache by increasing BE level. BE level above 4 ng/ml is critical in headache relief irrespective of type of rTMS.

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Topics: Migraines, Headaches


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