Resting-State EEG Gamma Power and Theta-Gamma Coupling Enhancement Following High-Frequency Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal rTMS in Patients with Depression




Curated By TMS Solutions on Jun 6, 2017 10:12:00 AM
Curated By TMS Solutions

TITLE
Resting-State EEG Gamma Power and Theta-Gamma Coupling Enhancement Following High-Frequency Left Dorsolateral Prefrontal rTMS in Patients with Depression

AUTHORS
Noda Y; Zomorrodi R; Saeki T; Rajji TK; Blumberger DM; Daskalakis ZJ; Nakamura M. Institution Noda, Yoshihiro. Laboratory of Neuromodulation, Kanagawa Psychiatric Center, Yokohama, Japan; Temerty Centre for Therapeutic Brain Intervention, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Zomorrodi, Reza. Temerty Centre for Therapeutic Brain Intervention, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Saeki, Takashi. Laboratory of Neuromodulation, Kanagawa Psychiatric Center, Yokohama, Japan. Rajji, Tarek K. Temerty Centre for Therapeutic Brain Intervention, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Blumberger, Daniel M. Temerty Centre for Therapeutic Brain Intervention, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Daskalakis, Zafiris J. Temerty Centre for Therapeutic Brain Intervention, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Nakamura, Motoaki. Laboratory of Neuromodulation, Kanagawa Psychiatric Center, Yokohama, Japan; ATR Brain Information Communication Research Laboratory Group, Kyoto, Japan.

ELECTRONIC ADDRESS
motoaki@motoaki.com

SOURCE
Clinical Neurophysiology. 128(3):424-432, 2017 Mar.

OBJECTIVE
We aimed to investigate neuromodulatory effects of high-frequency left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on resting-state electroencephalography (EEG) and their clinical and cognitive correlates in patients with depression.

METHODS
Thirty-one patients diagnosed with depression included in the present study. Resting-state gamma power and theta-gamma coupling (TGC) were calculated before and after a course of rTMS. We explored the relationship among gamma power, TGC, and clinical/cognitive outcomes as measured with the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D17), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST).

RESULTS
Following rTMS, depressed patients demonstrated significant increases of resting gamma power at the F3 and F4 electrode sites and resting TGC at the C3 and T3 electrode sites. Furthermore, the increased gamma power at the F3 electrode site was significantly correlated with improved score on the HAM-D17 and BDI, while the increased TGC at the C3 electrode site was significantly correlated with reduced number of errors on the WCST.

CONCLUSION
Thus, resting-state gamma power and TGC may represent potential biomarkers of depression associated with therapeutic effects of rTMS.

SIGNIFICANCE
Resting-state EEG may provide potential biomarkers related to therapeutic effects of rTMS.

Topic of this Article:

Topics: Depression, rTMS


Posts by Topic

Subscribe to Solute Email Updates