Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Improves Both Hearing Function and Tinnitus Perception In Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss Patients




Curated By TMS Solutions on Jan 13, 2017 6:58:00 AM
Curated By TMS Solutions

Title:

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation improves both hearing function and tinnitus perception in sudden sensorineural hearing loss patients.

Authors:

Zhang D; Ma Y. Institution Zhang,Dai. Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, China. Ma,Yuewen. Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Title:

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation improves both hearing function and tinnitus perception in sudden sensorineural hearing loss patients.

Source:

Scientific Reports. 5:14796, 2015.

Abstract:

The occurrence of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL) affects not only cochlear activity but also neural activity in the central auditory system. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) above the auditory cortex has been reported to improve auditory processing and to reduce the perception of tinnitus, which results from network dysfunction involving both auditory and non-auditory brain regions. SSHL patients who were refractory to standard corticosteroid therapy (SCT) and hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy received 20 sessions of 1Hz rTMS to the temporoparietal junction ipsilateral to the symptomatic ear (rTMS group).RTMS therapy administered in addition to SCT and HBO therapy resulted in significantly greater recovery of hearing function and improvement of tinnitus perception compared SCT and HBO therapy without rTMS therapy.Additionally, the single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) measurements obtained in a subgroup of patients suggested that the rTMS therapy could have alleviated the decrease in regional cerebral brain flow (rCBF) in SSHL patients. RTMS appears to be an effective, practical, and safe treatment strategy for SSHL.

Topic of this Article:

Topics: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Tinnitus, Hearing Loss


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