Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Treating the Symptoms of Schizophrenia: A PRISMA-Compliant Meta-Analysis




Curated By TMS Solutions on Jun 13, 2017 12:00:00 AM
Curated By TMS Solutions

TITLE
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Treating the Symptoms of Schizophrenia: A PRISMA-Compliant Meta-Analysis

AUTHORS
He H; Lu J; Yang L; Zheng J; Gao F; Zhai Y; Feng J; Fan Y; Ma X. Institution He, Hairong. Clinical Research Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China. Lu, Jun. Clinical Research Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China. Yang, Lihong. Clinical Research Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China. Zheng, Jie. Clinical Research Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China. Gao, Fan. Clinical Research Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China. Zhai, Yajing. Department of Pharmacy, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China. Feng, Junqin. Department of Psychiatry, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China. Fan, Yajuan. Department of Psychiatry, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China. Ma, Xiancang. Department of Psychiatry, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China; Clinical Research Center, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710061, China.

ELECTRONIC ADDRESS
maxiancang@163.com

SOURCE
Clinical Neurophysiology. 128(5):716-724, 2017 May.

OBJECTIVE
To explore the efficacies of 1-Hz (low frequency) and 10-Hz (high frequency) repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in treating auditory hallucinations and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, respectively.

METHODS
Electronic databases were searched to identify relevant literature. Standard mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) values were used to evaluate the effects of rTMS. The stability and sensitivity of the results, the source of heterogeneity, and the recommended grade of the evidence were also analyzed.

RESULTS
Thirteen studies of 1-Hz rTMS were included. The auditory hallucinations improved more in the rTMS group than in the sham group (SMD=-0.29, 95%CI=-0.57 to -0.01). However, this result was not stable after sensitivity analysis, and publication bias had a substantial impact on the results. Meta-analysis performed for seven studies of 10-Hz rTMS found that improvement of negative symptoms did not differ significantly between the real rTMS and sham groups. Finally, the grade of evidence for this meta-analysis was found to be low.

CONCLUSION
Although there may appear to be a therapeutic effect for 1-Hz rTMS on auditory hallucinations of schizophrenia, this needs to be confirmed by large-scale randomized controlled trials before this finding can be recommended in clinical practice.

SIGNIFICANCE
1-Hz rTMS might have an effect on auditory hallucinations of schizophrenia.

Topic of this Article:

Topics: Schizophrenia


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