Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Functional Tremor: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled Study
Movement Disorders. 34(8):1210-1219, 2019 08.
Taib S; Ory-Magne F; Brefel-Courbon C; Moreau Y; Thalamas C; Arbus C; Simonetta-Moreau M.
The objective of this study was to compare the effect on functional tremor of active versus sham repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and investigate whether the addition of hypnosis might help to prolong any repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation-induced therapeutic effect.
We compared the effect of 5 consecutive daily sessions of active/sham repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation on functional tremor, at 1 and 2 months, in a randomized, double-blind, 2-arm, parallel-controlled study. In a second open-label phase, all patients underwent 3 weekly sessions of hypnosis combined with single sessions of real repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. The primary outcome was a change in the Psychogenic Movement Disorder Rating Scale at month 1 when compared with baseline. Secondary outcomes were changes in the Psychogenic Movement Disorder Rating Scale and Tremor subscores, the 36-item Short Form Health Survey, the Self-Report Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, and the Clinical Global Impression Scale assessed at months 1, 2, 6, and 12.
A total of 33 outpatients affected by functional tremor were screened, and 18 outpatients fulfilling the inclusion criteria (8 men, 10 women) were randomized. One month after the intervention, the mean Psychogenic Movement Disorder Rating Scale score had decreased in both groups, but the differences from baseline were only significant in the active repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation group (P < .001). This remained significant at month 2 (P < .001). The significant decrease of the Psychogenic Movement Disorder Rating Scale and Tremor subscores were maintained at months 6 and 12 for the active repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation group. For the control group, the Psychogenic Movement Disorder Rating Scale score had returned almost to its baseline value by month 2 and remained unchanged at months 6 and 12.
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation could represent a valuable therapeutic option in the management of functional tremor.