Postural challenge affects motor cortical activity in young and old adults.




Curated By TMS Solutions on Jan 17, 2017 10:21:00 AM
Curated By TMS Solutions
Title:
Postural challenge affects motor cortical activity in young and old adults.
Authors:
Papegaaij S; Taube W; van Keeken HG; Otten E; Baudry S; Hortobagyi T. Institution Papegaaij, Selma. University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Human Movement Sciences, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, 9713AV, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: 
s.papegaaij@umcg.nlTaube, Wolfgang. University of Fribourg, Department of Medicine, Ch. du Musee 8, CH-1700, Fribourg, Switzerland. van Keeken, Helco G. University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Human Movement Sciences, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, 9713AV, Groningen, The Netherlands. Otten, Egbert. University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Human Movement Sciences, Antonius Deusinglaan 1, 9713AV, Groningen, The Netherlands. Baudry, Stephane. Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Faculty for Motor Sciences, Laboratory of Applied Biology, CP 640, Route de Lennik 808, 1070 Brussels, Belgium. Hortobagyi, Tibor. University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Center for Human Movement Sciences, Antonius Deusinglaan 1,
9713AV, Groningen, The Netherlands; Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Northumbria University, Newcastle-upon-Tyne NE1 8ST, United Kingdom.
 
Title:
Postural challenge affects motor cortical activity in young and old adults.
 
Source:
Experimental Gerontology. 73:78-85, 2016 Jan.
 
Abstract:
When humans voluntarily activate a muscle, intracortical inhibition
decreases. Such a decrease also occurs in the presence of a postural challenge and more so with increasing age. Here, we examined age-related changes in motor cortical activity during postural and non-postural contractions with varying levels of postural challenge. Fourteen young (age 22) and twelve old adults (age 70) performed three conditions: (1) voluntary contraction of the soleus muscle in sitting and (2) leaning forward while standing with and (3) without being supported. Subthreshold transcranial magnetic stimulation was applied to the soleus motor area
suppressing ongoing EMG, as an index of motor cortical activity. The area of EMG suppression was ~60% smaller (p<0.05) in unsupported vs. supported leaning and sitting, with no difference between these latter two conditions (p>0.05). Even though in absolute terms young compared with old adults leaned farther (p=0.018), there was no age effect or an age by condition interaction in EMG suppression. Leaning closer to the maximum without support correlated with less EMG suppression (rho=-0.44, p=0.034). 
 
Conclusion:
We conclude that the critical factor in modulating motor cortical activity was postural challenge and not contraction aim or posture. Age did not affect the motor control strategy as quantified by the modulation of motor cortical activity, but the modulation appeared at a lower task difficulty with increasing age.
 
Copyright:
2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
 
Publication Type:
Journal Article. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't.

Topic of this Article:

Topics: Adolescent, Motor Cortex


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