Outcome Based Definition Of The Anterior Thalamic Deep Brain Stimulation Target In Refractory Epilepsy




Curated By TMS Solutions on Apr 5, 2016 8:36:00 AM
Curated By TMS Solutions

Title:

Outcome Based Definition Of The Anterior Thalamic Deep Brain Stimulation Target In Refractory Epilepsy.

Authors:

Lehtimaki K; Mottonen T; Jarventausta K; Katisko J; Tahtinen T; Haapasalo J; Niskakangas T; Kiekara T; Ohman J; Peltola J. Brain Stimulation. 9(2):268-75, 2016 Mar-Apr. [Clinical Trial. Journal Article. Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't] UI: 26680105

Background:

Deep brain stimulation of the anterior nucleus of the thalamus (ANT) is an emerging therapy for refractory focal epilepsy. However, the most optimal target for stimulation has not been unambiguously described.

Objective:

In the present study, we investigated the correlation between the stimulation site and outcome in order to define the optimal target for deep brain stimulation in refractory epilepsy.

Methods:

The locations of 62 contacts used in 30 treatment attempts in 15 prospectively followed patients during a 5 year period were assessed. Treatment attempts were classified into responding and non-responding trials using seizure reduction and side effect profile as criteria. The locations of active contacts were calculated with respect to mid-commissural point and visible borders of ANT in 3T MRI (ANT-normalized coordinate system) aiming to minimize the confounding effect of individual variation in the location and size of the ANT.

Results:

Contacts in successful treatment trials were located significantly more anterior and superior both in AC-PC and ANTnormalized coordinate systems. Favourable outcome was observed at 3T MRI based location of ANT but not at location predicted by Schaltenbrandt atlas sagittal data. Contacts used in successful trials were at anterior aspect of the ANT complex evidenced by the ANTnormalized coordinate system.

Conclusion:

The anti-epileptic effect of anterior thalamic DBS may be dependent on stimulation site especially in the anterior to posterior axis. Extensive anatomical variation confounds severely the targeting of ANT. Therefore, direct visualization of the desired target for stimulation is essential for favourable outcome in refractory epilepsy. Copyright © 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Institutions:

Lehtimaki, K. Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland.
Electronic address: kai.lehtimaki@pshp.fi. Mottonen, T.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Jarventausta, K.
Department of Psychiatry, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Katisko, J.
Department of Neurosurgery, Oulu University Hospital, Finland. Tahtinen, T.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Haapasalo, J.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Niskakangas, T.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Kiekara, T. Imaging Centre, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Ohman, J.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Peltola, J.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland.
Institution Lehtimaki, K.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Electronic address: kai.lehtimaki@pshp.fi. Mottonen, T.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Jarventausta, K.
Department of Psychiatry, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Katisko, J. Department of Neurosurgery, Oulu University Hospital, Finland. Tahtinen, T.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Haapasalo, J.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Niskakangas, T.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Kiekara, T. Imaging Centre, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Ohman, J.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland. Peltola, J.
Department of Neurosciences and Rehabilitation, Tampere University Hospital, Finland.

 

Topic of this Article:

Topics: 1- Brain Stimulation Journal Index, Deep Brain Stimulation, Epilepsy


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