Critical Role of Glutamatergic and GABAergic Neurotransmission in the Central Mechanisms of Theta-Burst Stimulation




Curated By TMS Solutions on Apr 17, 2020 12:58:00 PM
Curated By TMS Solutions

TITLE
Critical Role of Glutamatergic and GABAergic Neurotransmission in the Central Mechanisms of Theta-Burst Stimulation

SOURCE
Human Brain Mapping. 40(6):2001-2009, 2019 04 15.

AUTHORS
Li CT; Huang YZ; Bai YM; Tsai SJ; Su TP; Cheng CM.

ABSTRACT
Theta-burst stimulation (TBS) is a varied form of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and has more rapid and powerful effects than rTMS. Experiments on the human motor cortex have demonstrated that intermittent TBS has facilitatory effects, whereas continuous TBS has inhibitory effects. Huang's simplified model provides a solid basis for elucidating such after-effects. However, evidence increasingly indicates that not all after-effects of TBS are as expected, and high variability among individuals has been observed. Studies have suggested that the GABAergic and glutamatergic neurotransmission play a vital role in the aforementioned after-effects, which might explain the interindividual differences in these after-effects. Herein, we reviewed the latest findings on TBS from animal and human experiments on glutamatergic and GABAergic neurotransmissions in response to TBS. Furthermore, an updated theoretical model integrating glutamatergic and GABAergic neurotransmissions is proposed.

Topic of this Article:

Topics: Theata Burst Stimulation


Posts by Topic

Subscribe to Solute Email Updates