Pandurangi AK; Fernicola-Bledowski C; Bledowski J. Institution Pandurangi, Anand K. Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.
Brain stimulation therapies for psychiatric disorders: The first decade of the new millennium -- A review. [Review]
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry. 5(1):3-10, 2012 Mar.
Abstract: Three new brain stimulation therapies have emerged in the last decade for clinical use in psychiatric disorders. Combined with electroconvulsiv e therapy (ECT), these therapies offer much hope to patients with medication refractory depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and auditory hallucinations of schizophrenia. In this article we briefly review the history, development and evidence for each of the four stimulation therapies and describe the current state- of -the-art. Neuromodulation is considered as a possible common mechanism mediating the effects of these therapies. Finally, empirical guidelines are suggested for the practicing psychiatrist for the optimal utilization of stimulation therapies. I t is concluded that with increasing technological sophistication, research on optimal protocols and emergence of newer modalities of stimulation, t he future holds much promise for neuromodulatory therapies in psychiatric disorders.
Copyright A© 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publication Type: Journal Article. Review.